IEEE 1284 Electrical Interface
original parallel port did not have a defined electrical specification
that identified the driver, receiver, termination and capacitance
requirements in order to guarantee any compatibility between devices.
Host adapters and peripherals were built with any number of pull-up
values on the control lines, open collector or totem pole drivers
for the data and control lines, and most offensive of all, up to
10,000pF capacitors on the data and strobe lines. This type of design
variation makes it impossible to create a new interface protocol
without explicitly defining the required electrical parameters with
which to guarantee operation.
1284 standard defines two levels of interface compatibility, Level
I and Level II. The Level I interface is defined for products that
are not going to operate at the high speed advanced modes, but need
to take advantage of the reverse channel capabilities of the standard.
The Level II interface is for devices that will operate in the advanced
modes, with long cables, and at the higher data rates. This discussion
will deal primarily with Level II interfaces. Please refer to the
standard for the full requirements for either a Level I or Level
requirements for the Level II drivers and receivers are defined
at the connector interface. The driver requirements are:
open circuit high-level output voltage shall not exceed +5.5V.
open circuit low-level output voltage shall be no less than
DC steady state, high-level output voltage shall be at least
+2.4V at a source current of 14mA.
DC steady state, low-level output voltage shall not exceed +0.4V
at a sink current of 14mA.
driver output impedance (Ro), measured at the connector, shall
be 50 +/- 5 ohms at 1/2 the actual driver Voh minus Vol voltage.
driver slew rate shall be 0.05-0.40 V/nS
the driver requirements, the receiver requirements are defined at
the connector interface. The receiver requirements are:
receiver shall withstand peak input voltage transients between
-2.0V and +7.0V without damage or improper operation.
receiver high-level input threshold shall not exceed 2.0V
receiver low-level input threshold shall be at least 0.8V.
receiver shall provide at least 0.2V input hysteresis, but not
more than 1.2V.
receiver high-level sink current shall not exceed 20uA at +2.0V.
receiver low-level input source current shall not exceed 20uA
and stray capacitance shall not exceed 50pF.
1 shows the recommend termination for a driver/receiver pair. Ro
represents the output impedance at the connector. It is intended
that this impedance match the cable impedance so as to minimize
the noise caused by mismatched impedances. Depending upon the type
of driver used, a series resistor, Rs may be required to obtain
the correct impedance.
1 -- Level II Driver/Receiver Pair Termination Example
2 shows the recommended termination for a Level II transceiver pair,
such as the data lines.
2 -- Level II Transceiver Termination Example
are products being introduced by companies such as Texas Instruments
and National that provide integrated solutions for a 1284 Level
II interface. These include active drivers and receivers as well
as resister sip networks.
When ECP was first introduced Microsoft made a recommendation for
an electrical and termination requirement that was not consistent
with the 1284 specification. This included an AC terminator for
each of the lines. This suggestion has since been retracted and
the current recommendation is to use the interface defined in the
IEEE 1284 specification.